How often must HMOs have an electrical condition report?


It’s now a legal requirement that an EICR – also known as a landlord safety test or periodic inspection report – is carried out in all HMO properties every five years.


In October 2018, changes were made to the HMO licensing rules. These changes included:


  • the definition of a Home in Multiple Occupation
  • conditions of the licence
  • electrical obligations for landlords


According to the terms of the licence, a smoke alarm must be fitted on every storey of the property; all electrical appliances provided by the landlord must be safe; and electrical installations must be well maintained and safe. Portable appliance tests (PAT) and electrical installation condition reports (EICR) must be conducted by an approved contractor, who will provide the landlord with an official report.


What is tested in an EICR?


All parts of the electrical installation are checked against the requirements of the latest BS7671 wiring regulations. The electrician will consider:


  • damage and deterioration to materials and equipment
  • out-of-date equipment or materials
  • necessary provision of RCDs (residual current devices)
  • adequacy of earthing
  • adequacy of identification and notices
  • provision for any change of use within the premises


The process can be likened to a vehicle MOT test. For each prescribed check, the electrician will award a code:


  • satisfactory
  • Code 1: danger present
  • Code 2: potentially dangerous
  • Code 3: improvement recommended


What if my property fails an EICR?


When all checks have been carried out, the landlord will be provided with a condition report, declaring the installation to be either Satisfactory or Unsatisfactory.


If the report certifies the HMO’s electrical installation as Unsatisfactory, there’ll be more details under Observations and Recommendations for Actions to be Taken, specifying the work that needs to be done in order to get the electrical installation into a safe condition.


On completion of all necessary remedial work, carried out in accordance with BS7671, a confirmation certificate will be issued.


For more information about electrical testing for landlords, including EICR and PAT tests, just give us a call on 01603 559 311.